The Carnivore Way

Coexisting with and Conserving America’s Predators

Hardcover $30.00 ISBN: 9781597269827 Published May 2014 – On Sale Here

In The Carnivore Way, Cristina Eisenberg argues compellingly for the necessity of top predators in large, undisturbed landscapes, and how a continental-long corridor—a “carnivore way”—provides the room they need to roam.


The Wolf’s Tooth

Keystone Predators, Trophic Cascades and Biodiversity

Paperback $25.00 ISBN: 9781597268189 Published May 2010 – On Sale Here

In The Wolf’s Tooth, scientist and author Cristina Eisenberg explores the concept of “trophic cascades” and the role of top predators in regulating ecosystems. Her fascinating and wide-ranging work provides clear explanations of the science surrounding keystone predators and considers how this notion can help provide practical solutions for restoring ecosystems.


The Rediscovery of the Wild

by Peter H. Kahn Jr.(Editor), Patricia H. Hasbach(Editor)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2012

Cristina Eisenberg, “Quantifying wildness,” pp. 1-26

We often enjoy the benefits of connecting with nearby, domesticated nature — a city park, a backyard garden. But this book makes the provocative case for the necessity of connecting with wild nature — untamed, unmanaged, not encompassed, self-organizing, and unencumbered and unmediated by technological artifice. We can love the wild. We can fear it. We are strengthened and nurtured by it. As a species, we came of age in a natural world far wilder than today’s, and much of the need for wildness still exists within us, body and mind. T he Rediscovery of the Wild considers ways to engage with the wild, protect it, and recover it — for our psychological and physical well-being and to flourish as a species. The contributors offer a range of perspectives on the wild, discussing such topics as the evolutionary underpinnings of our need for the wild; the wild within, including the primal passions of sexuality and aggression; birding as a portal to wildness; children’s fascination with wild animals; wildness and psychological healing; the shifting baseline of what we consider wild; and the true work of conservation.


The Way of Natural History

Edited by Thomas Lowe Fleischner

Trinity University Press, 2011

Cristina Eisenberg, “Lessons from 763,” pp. 81-90

In this eclectic anthology, more than 20 scientists, nature writers, poets, and Zen practitioners, attest to how paying attention to nature can be a healing antidote to the hectic and harrying pace of our lives. Throughout this provocative and uplifting book, writers describe their various experiences in nature and portray how careful, and mindful, attention to the larger world around us brings rewarding and surprising discoveries. They give us the literary, personal, and spiritual stories that point a way toward calm and quiet for which many people today hunger. Contributors to The Way of Natural History highlight their individual ways of paying attention to nature and discuss how their experiences have enlivened and enhanced their worlds. The anthology is a rich array of writings that provide models for interacting with the natural world, and together, create a call for the importance of natural history as a discipline.

Peer-Reviewed Publications


Eisenberg, C. 2012. Complexity of Food Web Interactions in a Large Mammal System (Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University), dissertation, 238 pp.

Eisenberg, C. 2006. Dire Wolves: Gray Wolf Recovery and Wolf-Human Interactions in the Northern Rocky Mountains (Prescott, AZ: Prescott College), master’s thesis, 436 pp.

Refereed Scientific Journal Articles

Gann, G., T. McDonald, B. Walder, J. Aronson, C. R. Nelson,  J. Jonson, C. Eisenberg, J. G. Hallet, M. R. Guariguata, J. Liu, F. Hua,  C. Echeverria, and K. W. Dixon. 2019. International Principles and Standards for the Practice of Ecological Restoration. Restoration Ecology [in press].

McDonald, T., J. Aronson, G. Gann, and C. Eisenberg. 2018. The SER Standards, cultural ecosystems, and the nature-culture nexus – a reply to Evans & Davis. Restoration Ecology 27(2):243-246.

Eisenberg, C. 2018. The eco-cultural roots of environmental and ecological literacy.  Ecology 99(11):2630-2631. 

Eisenberg, C. 2018. Natural history and the practice of Ecology. Ecology 99(7):1697-1698.

Kirkland, M., C. Eisenberg, Bicerra, A., Bodmer, R. E., Mayor, P., and Axmacher J. C. 2018. Sustainable wildlife extraction by the Kukama-Kukamilla people of the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, Peru. Oryx: 1-10.

Eisenberg, C. 2018. A transboundary approach to parsing plains bison (Bison bison bison) ecology and restoration. Ecology 99(1):247-248.

Chandler, M., S. Rullman, J. Cousins, N. Esmail, E. Begin, G. Venicx, C. Eisenberg, and M. Studer. 2017. Ecological and social outcomes from 7 years of citizen science evaluation: Use of a novel evaluation tool on Earthwatch-supported projects. Biological Conservation 208:163-173.

Eisenberg, C. 2017. The science of open spaces: theory and practice for conserving large complex systems. Ecological Restoration 35(3): 276-277.

Eisenberg, C. 2017. Bridging ecological paradigms: integrating trophic ecology at multiple scales. Ecology 98(3): 885-886.

Boukili, V. K. S., D. P. Bebber, T. Mortimer, G. Venicx, D. Lefcourt, M. Chandler, and C. Eisenberg. 2017 Assessing the performance of urban forest carbon sequestration models using direct measurements of tree growth. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 24(3):212-221.

Eisenberg, C. 2016. Revisiting the land ethic. Ecology 97(11):3248-3249.

Eisenberg, C., D. E. Hibbs, and W. J. Ripple. 2015. Effects of predation risk on elk landscape use in a wolf-dominated system. Canadian Journal of Zoology 93:99-111.

Beschta, R. L., C. Eisenberg, J. Laundre, W. J. Ripple, and T. J. Rooney. 2014.  Predation risk, elk,

and aspen: tests of a behaviorally mediated trophic cascade in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem: Comment. Ecology 95(5):2669-2679.

 Eisenberg, C., D. E. Hibbs, W. J. Ripple, and H. Salwasser. 2014. Context dependence of elk vigilance and wolf predation risk. Canadian Journal of Zoology 92:727-736.

 Eisenberg, C., S. T. Seager, and D. E. Hibbs. 2013. Wolf, elk, and aspen food web relationships: Context and complexity. Forest Ecology and Management 299:70-80.

 Seager, S. T., C. Eisenberg, and S. B. St. Clair. 2013. Patterns and consequences of ungulate herbivory on aspen in western North America. Forest Ecology and Management 299:81-90.

 Rogers, P., C. Eisenberg, and S. B. St. Clair. 2013. Resilience in quaking aspen: Recent advances and future needs. Forest Ecology and Management 299:1-5.


Refereed Literary Journal Articles

Eisenberg, C. 2018. Revelations of the Kenow Wildfire. About Place 7.1

Eisenberg, C. 2018. The Rewilding Conundrum. About Place 6.2

Eisenberg, C. 2017. To Know a Prairie. Whitefish Review #20.

Eisenberg, C. 2017. Jack Ward Thomas: Portrait of a Conservation Icon. Whitefish Review #20

Eisenberg, C. 2016. All Our Relations. About Place 4.2.

Eisenberg, C. 2016. Prodigal Seasons. Whitefish Review #19

Eisenberg, C. 2016. The Perfect Storm. Whitefish Review #19.

Eisenberg, C. 2015. Walking the Wolf Trail. Whitefish Review #17.

Eisenberg, C. 2015. The Trophic Tango. About Place 3.3.

Eisenberg, C. 2015. The Wolf Mother. Leaf Litter. #5.

Eisenberg, C. 2014. Earth Household. Whitefish Review. #16.

Eisenberg, C. 2014. Environmental writing and the ecology of hope. Flyway Journal of Writing and Environment. 18.1

Eisenberg, C. 2011. The High Ridge. Platte Valley Review.

Eisenberg, C. 2011. The Stoney Flats grizzly. Platte Valley Review.

Eisenberg, C. 2010. The ecology of Fear. Whitefish Review. #9

Eisenberg, C. 2010. Minnow Stahkoo. NILAS (Nature in Legend and Stories) Annual Review.

Eisenberg, C. 2010. Hejira. Platte Valley Review.

Eisenberg, C. 2008. The Literary Leopold. Flyway: Journal of Writing and Environment. 11.2-12.1.


In Preparation and Review – Refereed Scientific Journals

Eisenberg, C., C. L.  Anderson, A. Collingwood, R. Sissons, C. J. Dunn, G. W. Meigs, D. E. Hibbs. S. Murphy, S. Dakin Kuiper, J. SpearkChief-Morris, L. Little Bear, B. Johnston, and C. B. Edson. Out of the Ashes: Ecological Resilience to Extreme Wildfire, Prescribed Burns, and Indigenous Burning in Ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. [invited paper].

 Eisenberg, C., C. L. Anderson, C. J. Dunn, G. Woodside, V. Goodness, J. SpearChief-Morris, S. Dakin Kuiper, Monroe Fox, S. Hart. The Role of Traditional Knowledge in Fostering Social-Ecological Sustainability in the American West. Environmental Research Letters [invited paper].

 Aronson, J. and C. Eisenberg, The UN Decade on Ecological Restoration: A Seven Generation Perspective. Restoration Ecology [invited paper]


Book Chapters

Eisenberg, C. 2020. Conclusion: Cultural Keystone Species and Traditional Ecological Knowledge on the Northern Plains and Beyond,” In Grace Morgan, Beaver, Bison, Horse: An Indigenous Ecology of the Prairies (Regina, Sask: University of Regina Press).

Eisenberg, C. 2018. Foreword. In pp. vii-xii, Paul. A. Colinvaux, Why Big Fierce Animals are Rare: An Ecologist’s Perspective (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).

Eisenberg, C. 2018. Conserving biological diversity. In pp. 387-404, J. F. Franklin, K. N. Johnson, and D. Johnson, eds. Ecological Forest Management (Chicago: Waveland Press).

Eisenberg, C. 2013. Quantifying wildness. In pp. 1-26, P. H. Kahn, and P. H. Hasbach, eds. Rediscovery of the Wild (Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press).

 Eisenberg, C. 2011. Lessons from 763. In pp. 81-90, Fleischner, T. L., ed. The Way of Natural History (San Antonio: Trinity University Press).

 In Preparation and Review—Books

 Eisenberg, C. 2019. Foreword, in Oldfield, S. F., P. Olwell, N. Shaw, and K. Havens. Seeds of Restoration Success: Wild Lands and Plant Diversity in the US (New York: Springer). Other Articles

 Other Articles

Eisenberg C. 2019. “Saving the American Bison: How an Iconic Keystone Species Is Shaping Modern Wildlife Conservation,” Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 100(3):1-3.

Eisenberg C. 2019. “Defining and Integrating Traditional Ecological Knowledge to Create a More Sustainable Earth,” Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 100(3):1-3.

Eisenberg C. 2019. “Biosphere Changes in a Warming World: An Ecological Call to Action,” Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 100(2):1-3.

Eisenberg C. 2019. “Apocalypse Now: Adaptation or Extinction in Extreme Geographies?” Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 100(2):1-3.

Eisenberg C. 2019. “Diversifying Ecology by Bridging Western Science and Traditional Ecological Knowledge,” Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 100(1):1-3.

Eisenberg, C. 2014. “Corridor Ecology: Carnivore Migration Patterns,” UTNE Reader, July 2014.

Eisenberg, C. 2012. “Acts of Faith,” Connections.

Eisenberg, C. 2011. “Hunting and the Land Ethic,” Fair Chase.

Eisenberg, C. 2010. “Predators Create Landscapes of Fear,” Scientific American.

Eisenberg, C. 2008. “The Varmint Question,” Fair Chase.